- Know your elevation, and what the chances of flood are in your area.
- Keep non-perishable food, bottled water, and first aid supplies on hand, as well as other emergency supplies such as a flashlight, a radio, and batteries. Keep supplies of any medication you might need.
- Keep plenty of gas in your car.
- Equipment such as rubber gloves and boots can be helpful in a flood, as can waterproof matches.
- Quickly move to higher ground.
- Avoid areas that are already flooded, including creeks, rivers and streams.
- Do not drive into flood water. It may be deeper than it appears.
- If your vehicle stalls, leave it and seek higher ground on foot.
- Boil water. Throw out food that has come into contact with floodwater.
- Seek medical care at the hospital or from the Red Cross.
- Dry electrical equipment before using it.
- Report downed utility lines to authorities.
Flooding along rivers and coastal areas is inevitable. In urban areas, roads and parking lots fail to absorb water, and basements can fill up quickly. Most flood deaths, however, occur during flash floods. Flash flooding usually occurs after one or more days of heavy rain.
Prepare yourself for a flood beforehand, by following these steps:
If you are caught in a flood:
After the flood: